Employing this formulation, the maximum micro emulsion of oil in water occurred. Due to the synergy between surfactant and alcohol (as a co-surfactant), relatively lower amounts of surfactants were used which led to the dip in the cost of operation, and ultimately the efficiency of operation improved.
polyacrylamide surfactant interactions8-15. The interaction of polyacrylamide (PAM) with some conventional anioinc gemini and cationic surfactants have been studied in our laboratory16. It was observed that the interaction of PAM occurred more readily with an anionic gemini surfactant than
Polyacrylamide is also used in some potting soil. Another use of polyacrylamide is as a chemical intermediate in the production of N-methylol acrylamide and N-butoxyacrylamide. In oil and gas industry Polyacrylamide derivatives especially co-polymers of that have a substantial effect on unconventional production and hydraulic fracturing.
ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE (PAM) APPLICATION (Ac.) CODE 450 . DEFINITION . Application of water-soluble Anionic Polyacrylamide (PAM) to meet a resource concern. PURPOSE This practice may be applied as part of a resource management system to achieve one or more of the following purposes: • Reduce soil erosion by water or wind. • Improve water ...
The stability mechanism and thermal properties of the system alumina–anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) was studied. The polymer’s adsorption properties in dependence on the following parameters solution pH (in the range 3–9), temperature (in the range 15–35 °C), and carboxyl groups’ content in the PAM chains (in the range 5–30 %) were examined.
The stability coefficients and mean sizes of formed aggregates (flocks) were determined. The effects of solution pH (in the range 3–10), presence of anionic polyacrylamide (PAM), carboxyl groups content in its macromolecules (5–50%), as well as anionic surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate - SDS) addition were examined.
Abstract. The effect of a low molecular weight nonionic surfactant and an acrylic associative thickener on the rheology of polyacrylamide in aqueous glycerol solutions under steady shear was experimentally investigated.
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Even though these polymers are called polyacrylamide, they are often copolymers of acrylamide and one or more other monomers. The most important co-monomer is acrylic acid or sodiumacrylate. Poly(acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) and its sodium salt are anionic polymers which are more effective as flocculant and water absorber.
About 66% of these are paper chemicals, 65% are petroleum additives, and 50% are leather auxiliary agents. A wide variety of polymer anionic polyacrylamide msds options are available to you, such as synthetic resin and plastics, synthetic rubbers, and synthetic fibers.